Special Friday Edition: Let’s celebrate Juneteenth, which commemorates the abolition of slavery in the United States! How about we look at the timeline of freedom in this hemisphere. We’ll check the history of our neighbors in the Americas. The Spanish and Portuguese speaking countries of Central and South America departed from our model of the way to enact emancipation. Many liberated the children of slaves first, and their parents years later. Quite a few linked independence from Spain to new Constitutional rights for all.
The Dominican Republic was first to grant freedom to all enslaved Africans, 41 years before the United States. Brazil was last, twenty five years after the US. The South American giant was not the nation I expected to be the slowest to abolish slavery! Could it be that the countries with the largest slave populations had the most to lose by granting freedom to their unpaid laborers? What inferences do you make from the chronology below?
End of Slavery – Timeline of Freedom
Dominican Republic 1822 *
Costa Rica 1824
El Salvador 1824
Mexico 1824 – 1829
Perú 1854 *
United States 1863
Puerto Rico 1873
- The Dominican Republic was annexed by the other side of the island, Haiti from 1822 to 1844. Haiti’s African slaves had liberated themselves from bondage in 1804.
- In Perú, the government bought each slaves’ freedom.
Were there any surprises as to which countries abolished slavery first, or very late in the list above?
Gracias for visiting Fake Flamenco! I appreciate your comments! ¡Olé! –Rebecca